Adrenal Gland Tumor

Introduction:

Adrenal Gland Tumor

An adrenal tumor is the collection of harmful neoplasms of the adrenal organ, a few of which are prominent for overproducing endocrine hormones. Adrenal growth is the growth of dangerous adrenal tumors, and incorporates neuroblastoma, adrenocortical carcinoma and some adrenal pheochromocytomas. Most adrenal pheochromocytomas and every single adrenocortical adenoma don’t metastasize or attack adjacent tissues, yet may cause critical medical issues by unbalancing hormones.

Symptoms:

  • Hypertension
  • Low potassium level
  • Heart palpitations
  • Apprehension
  • Fits of anxiety
  • Migraine
  • Intemperate sweat
  • Stomach pains
  • Weight issues
  • Stomach marks
  • Changes in genitalia

Types of Adrenal Tumors:

There are 2 types of adrenal tumors:

1) Tumors of the adrenal cortex

Adrenocortical adenoma

Adrenocortical adenomas are benevolent tumors of the adrenal cortex which are to a great degree normal. Adrenocortical adenomas are extraordinary in patients more youthful than 30 years of age, and have occurrence in both genders. The greater part of the adrenocortical adenomas are under 2 cm in most prominent measurement and under 50 gram in weight [Wikipedia].

Adrenocortical carcinoma

Adrenocortical carcinoma is an uncommon disease of adrenal cortical cells. Because of their area somewhere down in the retro peritoneum, most adrenocortical carcinomas are not analyzed until the point that they have become very huge. They attack extensive vessels and additionally metastasizing by means of different organs.

2) Tumors of the Adrenal Medulla

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a forceful malignancy of neuroblastic cells, and is a standout amongst the most widely recognized pediatric diseases. In spite of the fact that the tumor has regularly spread to inaccessible parts of the body at the season of determination, this disease is profoundly reparable when the spread is restricted to the liver, skin, or bone marrow.

Pheochromocytoma

Pheochromocytoma is a neoplasm made out of the cells of developed adrenal medulla. It happens to patients of any age, and might be sporadic, or related with an inherited malignancy disorder. Determination is most effectively affirmed through urinary estimation of catecholamine metabolites. Most pheochromocytomas are at first treated with hostile to adrenergic medications to ensure against catecholamine over-burden, with surgery utilized to expel the tumor once the patient is medicinally steady.

Treatments:

Surgery

Surgery is the removal of the tumor and, if necessary, some surrounding healthy tissue during an operation. Surgical removal of the adrenal gland may be needed to treat an adrenal gland tumor. If the tumor is non-cancerous then laparoscopic surgery may be possible. If the tumor is possibly cancerous, surgery using 1 larger incision in the abdomen or back is recommended. If the patient has previously had abdominal surgery, an incision in the back may be easier.

Radiotherapy

Radiotherapy is a treatment utilizing ionizing radiation to control or execute dangerous cells. It might be utilized as a feature of adjuvant treatment, to avoid tumor repeat after surgery to evacuate an essential harmful tumor. Radiation treatment is normally connected to the harmful tumor due to its capacity to control cell development.

Hormone therapy

Because adrenal gland tumors may produce excess hormones, the doctor may prescribe various medications to control the levels of these hormones before, during, or after other treatments.

Chemotherapy

A chemotherapy regimen usually consists of a specific number of cycles given over a set period of time. It is a cancer treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent, or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms. Chemotherapy is given by a medical oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating a tumor with medication.