About 1.1million cases of prostate cancer were recorded by world statistics in 2012. This is also the most common cancer in men in United States, thus this is treatable when diagnosed in early stage.
It was predicted by American Cancer Society that there’s an estimate of 161,360 new cases and about 26,730 deaths from prostate cancer this year (2017) in America.
Prostate gland is sitting below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. In most cases of prostate cancer, their symptoms appear in urination.
Similar findings with other cancers, prostate cancer has many types. There are types of prostate cancer that grows slowly and may need minimal treatment and there are some that are aggressive and proliferation of cancerous cells is fast.
Most prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. This type of cancer in the prostate glands begins in cells and release or make mucus and other fluids.
Symptoms may not be seen in early stage, but if you wanted to be aware please check the list below:
- Urges to urinate often
- Experience difficulty in commencing urination
- Less force in the stream of urine
- Painful urination and less commonly ejaculation
- Discomfort in pelvic area
- Experience bone pain
- Problem in erection or maintaining erection
Cancer cells spread to the spine and compresses the spinal cord
- Leg weakness
- Urinary incontinence
- Fecal incontinence
The cause of prostate cancer is not yet clear. Specialist knows that prostate cancer occurs once they notice cells abnormality in prostate glands. Because of mutations in the abnormal cells’ DNA, the cells grow and divide faster than normal cells. Cancerous cells or abnormal cells continue living and then healthy cells die. Tumors are form by accumulating cancer cells. This tumor grows and invades nearby tissues. When abnormal cells spread and break out from its origin and jump into the other organs of the body, a metastasis has happened.
Anything that affects the chance of getting diseases like cancer is called risk factor. Many cancer types have similar risk factor. These factors are often seen on the lists:
- cigarette smoking
- the persons’ age
- Family history
AGE – Prostate cancer increases risk at the age of 65 and above. It is rare in men younger than 40.
RACE – African American men and in Caribbean men of African ancestry are more prone to prostate cancer. Prostate cancer has a lower risk rate in Asian – American and Hispanic/Latino. The reason for this data is remains unclear.
FAMILY HISTORY – For some cases, prostate cancer is inherited genes. Although studies and research shows that it has a double risk if it runs with the family, still the rate is not that high.
GENE CHANGES – There are some inherited genes changes that raise prostate cancer risk. However they are small in percentage.
There are factors that are associated with prostate cancer but still inexplicit. Inclusions of these factors are smoking, diet, obesity, smoking, chemical exposure, inflammation of the prostate, STD (sexually transmitted disease) and vasectomy.
Anyone can decrease the risk of getting disease especially cancer by following the list below:
- 1.Eat vegetables and fruits
- 2.Choose food that are rich in vitamins and minerals instead of supplements
- 3.Have a daily physical activity
- 4.Maintain an eating habits
- 5.Maintain healthy weight
- 6.Have a regular check up